Muscle Toning DMAE

DMAE Boosts Beauty & Brains!

DMAE is a powerful antioxidant that can have a stabilizing effect on cell membranes, this helps protect them from the damage of Free Radicals and premature ageing. DMAE is not only an antioxidant, it appears to have the ability to tighten and contract the muscles under the skin, this helps keep your face firm and contoured, and is just as important as fighting wrinkles!

There is nothing more ageing than sagging skin and DMAE can prevent and reverse what is clinically known as “anatomical loss of position“, in other words Loose, sagging skin!

DMAE contains a chemical that can stimulate “nerve function” and causes the muscles to contract and tighten. DMAE is the building block of the neurotransmitter “Acetylcholine“, and like other neurotransmitters Acetylcholine allows one nerve to communicate with another, or to communicate with a muscle.

DMAE & The Brain Connection

I do remember my mum telling me to eat my fish as it will make me brainy! well there is actually some truth in this statement. DMAE is found in the flesh of fish, notably Salmon, but also Sardines and Mackeral have good levels – which are all also brilliant sources of Omega 3. DMAE is a powerful cognitive enhancer, so a diet rich in DMAE can potentially enable you to think more clearly, improve your memory and increase your problem-solving ability.

So if you want to think more clearly and have greater muscle tone in both your face and body, choose a good topical DMAE product and try to eat some of the fishy sources, plus take a good DMAE Supplement.

Note – You can achieve enhanced facial muscle tone by using a muscle re-education device, like the Tua Viso Micro-current machine, as well as using a topical DMAE product, it boosts your results significantly if you use both.

Top DMAE Products –  Jan Marini Skin Research C-ESTA line – contains good levels of DMAE, and gives excellent noticeable results.

Viridian Alpha Lipoic DMAE Complex  boost your skin and brain with these brilliant supplements.

Dr Nicholas Perricone – Has both topical and supplement forms of DMAE

Alpha Lipoic Acid

Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA) is a substance found naturally in our bodies. It is one of the most powerful anti-ageing, antioxidant, anti-inflammatories available. Alpha Lipoic Acid is found inside every cell inside us, as it is needed by the body to produce energy for our normal bodily functions, but as we age it becomes depleted.

The Universal Antioxidant

Alpha Lipoic Acid is both fat and water soluble, and is known as the “Universal Antioxidant” and is broad spectrum.

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What are Peptides?

Peptides are synthetically created chemicals with the ability to penetrate the Dermis. The many different types of Peptides function as cellular communicating ingredients,  theoretically they have the ability to tell a skin cell how to look, act and behave better. The first and probably most well known peptide to gain popularity in skincare was Matrixyl, also known as Palmitoyl Pentapeptide 3. Overall studies show that Peptides make a significant improvement to fine lines and wrinkles, age spots and skin firmness without irritation or compromising the skin’s natural lipid barrier.

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Vitamin C Rejuvenation

Vitamin C is a Major Player in Anti-Ageing Skincare.

Vitamin C is one of the many super vitamins with powerful antioxidant and age-defying effects. It is an important Vitamin to be taken  internally and also to apply the most stable/non-irritating form of Vitamin C topically to our skin.

The best known form of Vitamin C is “L-ascorbic acid”, this is the most widely used in vitamins and skincare products, however it is water soluble and cannot penetrate the surface of the skin, it is also rather acidic and can be  irritating to some skins.

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Hyaluronic Acid – The Elixir Of Life?

Hyaluronic AcidHyaluronic Acid is an important ingredient in skincare products, and a favourite of mine. It is also known as HA or Sodium Hyaluronate on an ingredients list, and is part of what is know as our “Glycosaminogylcans (GAGs)”. HA is natures own moisturiser and makes up a proportion of the extracellular fluid in the Dermis. It helps keep the dermal tissues highly hydrated and is a gel-like substance in which the fibrous proteins of Collagen and Elastin are embedded – this keeps them supple and flexible and gives skin turgor and bounce.

HA is natural to the body, where it has a crucial role of lubricating us internally, mainly our skin and  joints where it acts as a shock absorber. It has a very clever ability to attract and bind moisture to itself (Humectant) – and can hold up to 1000 times it’s weight in water and is known as natures sponge.

Research has shown that HA can help with wound healing and can reduce scarring on the skin. It is unlike most topical compounds as it can penetrate the epidermis to a deeper level and hydrate skin tissue and plump out fine lines. It gives skin a smoother appearance and banishes fine dehydration lines, it really is a superior moisturising ingredient.

Bill Sardi – author of “How to live to 100 without growing old” writes – “HA is a revolutionary natural molecule that stops or even reverses ageing. HA is the modern day Fountain of Youth“, he goes on to say “HA helps to erase facial ageing, lines and wrinkles and can product wound healing without scarring”. (HA taken internally as a supplement)

HA is the main ingredient used in Restylane Filler (injections) – this is an FDA approved ingredient (animal & non animal), which testifies to its safety. The main source is rooster combs, but I am sure you will be glad to know the non-animal form comes from Soy-Beans, this is the type used in most topical products.

Our Hyaluronic Acid in our skin starts to diminish once we get to around 40 years old. This is what adds to an aged appearance as we lose some of the volume in the dermis. Topical products will not replace this, but HA is still an important hydrating ingredient that’s not to be sniffed at! It has shown that if our skin is dehydrated, then some enzyme functions do not happen. Even an oily skin can benefit from HA, and there are some wonderful hydrating products to choose from, here are my favourites that have high levels of HA in the ingredient list.
Dermalogica Skin Hydrating Booster – This is a super saturated fluid that helps hydrate, smooth and miminize fine dehydration lines. This easily absorbed fluid restores moisture (without oil) and helps restore the skin’s barrier layer. This has good levels of HA and all skin types can use, either apply neat of mix into your moisturiser.
O2 Intraceuticals Rejuvenate Hydration Gel – This really is a favourite of mine. The whole Intraceuticals range is formulated with a patented form of HA and you can see the difference in your skin once applied. This is a concentrated, silky, moisture rich gel that counteracts skin dehydration, also has high levels of stable Vitamin C. A favourite with oily skin that is concerned with ageing, as you can use this on it’s own if most creams are too heavy.

a Antioxidant Hydramist
– This is an amazing hydrating mist, packed with peptides, Vitamin C and White Tea, it really helps protect and hydrate the skin with high levels of HA. It is a refreshing spritz with the beautiful scent of Rose, you can use before moisturising or use during the day to counteract dehydrating atmospheres.

Taking HA internally in the form of a supplement has shown to have skin hydrating and plumping results, not to mention the benefits to your joints. Restoring HA plumps skin cells and restores moisture in all the tissues of the body – well worth it I think.

Viridian do excellent HA supplements as well as PURE-XP HA Elite. Jan Marini’s C-ESTAMINS also contain high levels of Hyaluronic Acid, alonside every vitamin and mineral you need for youthful skin and vitality.

Fabulous Vitamin A

Retinoids are a family of chemicals derived from Vitamin A. This is a very important Vitamin in regards to your skin,  as it has a normalizing effect on skin cells, it’s a potent exfoliator,  reverses photo-ageing (sun damage), inhibits Collagen breakdown and makes the skin cells more organized.

Vitamin A is a beneficial Cell Communicating ingredient and an Antioxidant when applied to the skin and is confirmed to improve wrinkles. It can increase Collagen synthesis and Glycosaminoglycans (the substances in your Dermis that hydrate and plump skin, e.g Hyaluronic Acid). Vitamin A in the appropriate strength also has the ability to stimulate the anchoring fibrils at your Dermal Epidermal Junction – this is the area that starts to separate your epidermis from your dermis as we age.

What is confusing, is the various forms of Vitamin A and what strengths they should be to have any noticeable effect on the skin.

Not all forms of Vitamin A are created equal. Some are more easily converted to Retinoic Acid than others. The typical conversion pathway – is as follows – Retinyl Palmitate => Retinol => Retinaldehyde => Retinoic Acid.

Our skin has enzymes which convert the Retinyl esters into Retinol and from that the Retinol is converted into Retinyl (Retinyl Aldehyde) and from there it is converted into Retinoic Acid and this is the form that actually makes the changes in DNA and cellular structures. Only a small amount of Retinoic Acid is normally found in the skin.

  • Retinyl Palmitate  – This is an ester of Vitamin A and the animal form. It is found in nearly all skincare products that are widely available. As you see from above it is the lowest in the coversion chain, so isn’t as irritating as the other forms. Many products with Retinyl Palmitate are touted as equivalent to Retinoic Acid yet without the side-effects. Many of these products contain too little Retinyl Palmitate to have any noticeable effect and just to have it listed on the ingredients list is not enough. Products with higher concentrations do exist, Environ formulated their whole range around the use of Vitamin A in this form. Some individuals may not be able to convert this effectively into Retioic Acid, while others may see great results.
  • Retinol -This is the alcohol form of Vitamin A and Retinol is regarded by some as the “True” Vitamin A or the complete molecule. It is highly effective if in a stable form and helps create better, healthier skin cells and increase the amount of skin support substances. The stability and packaging issues are important as any container or jar that lets in air or sunlight will degrade the Retinol. Effective stable versions of Retinol will have this either near the top of the ingredient list or above half way. I use Afirm TRx systems, it has shown me great results.
  • Retinoic Acid – This is the acid form of Vitamin A and is usually only available from prescription from your doctor/dermatologist. It is also known as Tretinoin – its technical name is All-Trans Retinoic Acid and is the ingredient in the following prescription topical drugs – Retin-A, Renova, Tazorac, Avita and Differin. Some of these are prescribed for acne as Vitamin A has shown to clear acne lesions and normalize the skin. It  is approved as a treatment for severe Photo-aged skin and helps prevent further damage. The results of using this drug are indisputable, as Tretionoin affects and improves the actual cell production deep in the Dermis. However not every-one’s skin will tolerate the use of Tretinoin without experiencing discomfort and side effects including flaking and a sunburned like skin. Most dermatologists advise starting with the lowest percentage and use once a week, then building up the usage – follow any guidelines given by your doctor.
  • Beta Carotene – This is the plant version of Vitamin A and a member of the Carotenoid family – it’s not just Carrots that contain this, many dark leafy veg contains this as well as other fruit and vegetables. Beta-Carotene  is a fantastic Antioxidant but also has the ability to convert Retinol into Retinoic Acid,  this may not be effective for everyone or very results based.

In summary Vitamin A is the most effective anti-ageing ingredient you can use. Although it is not the only ingredient to look for in a formula, it deserves strong consideration by anyone concerned with keeping their skin in top condition. Vitamin A deficiency is probably the greatest vitamin deficiency of the skin and can lead to DNA damage of the skin cell, to minimize this debt apply a product every day with Retinyl Palmitate (skin friendly form), start this from a young age and use with a reliable sunscreen with antioxidants C and E, as Vitamin A is depleted by daylight. You may choose to try one of the stronger forms of Retinoids as you age, especially if your skin is very strong and resistant.

To get enough Vitamin A inside you, try to eat more Vitamin A rich foods. Animal (especially fish) livers contain a good source,  but I prefer the vegetable sources of Beta-Carotene,  e.g – Carrots, Sweet Potato, Canteloupe Melon, Goji Berries and loads more. My mum used to tell me to eat all my carrots and I will be able to see in the dark, well it is indeed true as Vitamin A improves night vision!

Recommended Supplements, Skin Vit A by the Advanced Nutrition Programme.


The Truth About Parabens

The preservatives used in cosmetic and skincare products have come under an intense attack in the last few years. The media have  published some very scary stories and headlines, like “Toxic Toiletries”! and “Killer Cosmetics”. This scaremongering is fundamentally wrong and creates panic,fear and confusion!

The family of preservatives in question is“Parabens”and many of you will be fearful of the name without really knowing why? I know lots of people who will only buy Paraben Free products, but when asked why they either don’t know or say that they cause breast cancer! Also when we start to see “Paraben Free” on lots of things, then ultimately we think it’s a bad ingredient.

Parabens are widely used as a preservative in cosmetics, foods, pharmaceuticals and household products. They stop products from deteriorating by protecting them from harmful micro-organisms during storage and while the product is opened and used.

This adverse publicity has stemmed from a flawed and very much misinterpreted scientific research paper that was published (then the media twisted it). The Paraben family are actually naturally occuring chemicals, found in fruits, vegetables and other plants as well as being man-made, despite what has been written, parabens are not especially Oestrogenic ( not as much as Apples, and far less than Soya products). The study in question which was widely publicised claimed to find traces of Parabens in breast cancer tissue samples, but extraordinaraly  traces of parabens where also found in the blank control samples – which should have been just blank! Dr Philippa Darbe, the researcher on this confirmed that traces of parabens came from the laboratory glassware, most likely from the cleaning agents, so it is entirely possible that the parabens found in the breast tissue sample were  actually present only due to the contamination of the laboratory glassware. No other studies since have found any parabens whatsoever in breast cancer tissue. Unfortunately the media has focused it’s attention on this and now regards paraben free skincare as much better for us, which is absolute nonsense, it has only given rise to many more so called “Organic/natural” brands being sold as Paraben free, as if it is a much better option! You will find that lots of big brands have started to remove Parabens, this is due to the scaremongering and people avoiding products with parabens.

Parabens are approved for use as a preservative in the European Cosmetics Directive  and are the most widely used in skincare products, they have been used and tested since the 1930’s and shown to be very safe for us and the environment.

Products need to be safe, especially skincare that has a mix of oil and water and used around our mouth and eyes! This  means using an adequately preserved product! Bugs love to grow especially in an emollient formulation that comes into contact with fingers. Using a product that is not properly preserved or has inferior preservatives may be potentially  harmful and you can risk skin infections.

For more facts on Parabens go to – which is a very credible source of information run by the Cosmetics, Toiletry and Perfumery Association, it’s the first place I go when I hear a scare story!